Tag Archives: World History

What Is the Best Way to Learn What Your Opponent Believes? — post by Michael J. Findley

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In answer to a Quora question: What’s the best way to learn the opposing side’s arguments when it comes to politics?

What is best varies from person to person. I read Plato’s Republic, then acquired an audio version to listen to it many times. Rather than the Communist Manifesto, Plato is the real foundation of the left. Communism/socialism is older than Plato, but Plato is a good beginning. I also read the works of the French revolutionaries, such as Voltaire.

While they were influential in their day, they lack an overall depth of thought. Next I read the Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, which I bought for 50 cents. When a dog ate them, I did not think they were worth replacing. Next I read the personal experiences of those who lived in countries where these religions where forced on the populace, such as Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s The Gulag Archipelago. 

I learned that the term “the left” came from the French Revolution. Revolutionaries took over the French Parliament and sat on the left side of the King. Everyone who opposed them sat to the right of the King. So the term “the Right” means opposed to the Left. “The Right” is not a specific belief or position. It simply means opposed to Communism/Socialism/Fascism. All are various versions of dialectical materialism; tyranny, to use the language of Thomas Jefferson. With Communism, dialectical materialism is god, controlled entirely by the government.

Socialism permits business to join the ruling class of government. Fascism permits anyone who is willing to join the party to rule over those who resist Fascism. Conservatism is quite different depending on the country. In the USA, it stands for private property, personal responsibility, free enterprise, and the understanding (belief), that these gifts are rights from God as explained in the Word of God. Government can only take rights away. It cannot bestow God given rights on anyone.

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Coming Soon: Conflict of the Ages Part V: The Ancient World

coa 5 student ebook 25

coa 5 teacher ebook 25

“We forget everything. What we remember is not what actually happened, not history, but merely that hackneyed dotted line they have chosen to drive into our memories by incessant hammering.” Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

“The most effective way to destroy people is to deny and obliterate their own understanding of their history.” George Orwell

And [Abraham] said unto [the rich man in Hades], “If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.” Luke 16:31

“For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?” John 5:46-47

Setting the historical timeline straight, this volume takes you through the Conventional Chronology flaws to discovering the fallacy of the 500 years of dark ages secularists want to insert into World History. It’s unnecessary if you just believe the Scriptures and examine the evidence with a true open mind.

We are seeking Beta readers with a knowledge of history and/or science to help vet the book. Please let us know at mjmcfindley@gmail.com if you are interested! Following are just a few of the hundreds of illustrations to whet your appetite.

2 globes and supercontinent

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Mesopotamian Hematite weights

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Tortoise Shell Oracle Bone with early Chinese script

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Prologue to Hammurabi’s Law Code

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The World, and All That’s In It — Post by Michael J. Findley

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The first book of our world history series was intended to be just an introduction. Antidisestablishmentarianism turned into a lengthy statement of purpose. It is available as four separate books as well as a single volume: What Is an Establishment of Religion?, What Is Secular Humanism? What Is Science?, and What Are the Results of the Establishment of Secular Humanism?

save america fb cover

The introduction is followed by the four Conflict of the Ages volumes: Creation, covered in The Scientific History of Origins, the Fall to the Flood in The Origin of Evil in World That Was, the Flood and the Ice Age in They Deliberately Forgot: the Flood and the Ice Age, and Ice Age Civilizations.

COA all so far

The major criticism of these books is that they are completely documented and thorough. While I do not view this as a problem, other people find them difficult to absorb. So we published a single volume of the material in these eight books. It has no introductions, no appendix, no definition of terms, no quotes to support positions, no charts, and no illustrations. Disestablish is less than sixty pages. Each concept is mentioned only once.

Disestablish 25

However, the criticism that this is still too difficult prompted me to present the same post-flood material in an entertaining fictional format. That is the background for the Hittite series.

The first book in the series is Ephron Son of Zohar (Ephron the Hittite Book 1).

new ephron cover 25

The second book in the series is Tawananna Daughter of Zohar (Ephron the Hittite Book 2).

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The third book in the series is Heth, Son of Canaan, Son of Ham, Son of Noah (Ephron the Hittite Book 3).

heth book 3 final 25

The fourth book in the series is Shelometh Daughter of Yovov Wife of Ephron (Ephron the Hittite Book 4).

shelometh 25The fifth book in the series is Zita: Son of Ephron and Shelometh (Ephron the Hittite Book 5)

zita with woman 25

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Completely Revised and Expanded, in print and ebook: The Conflict of the Ages, Parts 1-3

 

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Conflict of the Ages Parts I-III Teacher Edition

Science, History, Literature reunited. Eyewitness testimony and the real scientific method. Read ancient manuscripts, search the world, and discover truth instead of buying into preconceptions. When did time begin? Who are the Sons of God? Did ancient Establishments of Religion construct cultural controls and make man a god? Rediscover the Worldwide Flood and the truth about the Ice Age.

It’s tough, but you need this exhaustive worldwide study of evidence, investigation, and exalting the Scriptures as the ultimate authority. There was one eyewitness to the beginning of the universe. It might surprise you to know how much of His truth has been preserved, and how many struggle today to put that truth in the hands of teachers and students.

 

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The Conflict of the Ages Part One The Scientific History of Origins Student

 

The Conflict of the Ages is a Multi-Part exploration of History, Science and ancient Literature. This first installment covers the concepts of God, time, Creation, physics, cosmology, and specifics about each day of Creation. We make comparisons with ancient sources to see where they agree with the Scriptural account. We reference classic and modern scientific views, exposing errors, preconceptions, presuppositions and falsehoods taught as fact by the mainstream scientific community. God is the first witness and the Bible the first eyewitness account of beginnings and origins.Other ancient documents contain at least some truths and parallel accounts.

 

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The Conflict of the Ages Part II Student: The Origin of Evil in the World that Was

 

God made everything “very good”, so how did evil come into being? Is “original sin” real or just a myth? Could man talk to animals? There might be myths around the world that echo the creation story, but did ancient people believe in the fall of angels? What does “their eyes were opened” really mean?

 

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The Conflict of the Ages III Student: They Deliberately Forgot: The Flood and the Ice Age

The worldwide Flood is one of the most discounted records in the Scriptures. Yet it is supported around the world by historical accounts. Take a look at feasibility studies on the safety and the stocking of the Ark.

The Geologic Column ought to prove that fossils reveal the age of the earth. They show progression from simple to complex organisms over millions of years. But do they? Take a look at “living fossils.” Meet the extinct creature found only in the “oldest” layers but more complex than “later” life forms. Consider the real conditions that surrounded the Flood and the Ice Age.

 

 

 

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Review of The Bible in World History — Post by Michael J. Findley

bible in world history graphic

The Bible in World History is by Stephen Leston, PhD (in Bible) (Click the image to see the book on Amazon.com.

This is the first paper book I have read since converting to ebooks many years ago and I find that I do not like it. It is only available in paper. The type is too small. It is difficult to read in the dark. I miss the easy search functions.

But these are petty complaints. This is a very well-laid out and attractive book. A very honest comment from a 5 star review on Amazon said, “I picked up this book and was originally drawn in by the colorful pictures–there are hundreds of them!!!!!” The beauty and quality of both the artwork and the binding for the price are phenomenal.

The author is a graduate of Master’s International School of Divinity, Evansville, IN.

Another 5 star Amazon review said, “Really enjoyed reading this book. For only 260 pages it really packs a punch. … I appreciated the flow of the book.”
I picked up this book because I am writing on a related topic. There are very few books on the subject of Biblical World History and I am always interested in learning what I can from the very few people who support a Biblical world view.

Most of the people who reviewed the book on Amazon loved it because of the layout, the pictures, and the perspective, and all of these are wonderful.

When I looked at the content, I realized that there is only one footnote. While modern writing style often replaces footnotes with chapter endnotes, there are no endnotes, either. Neither is there a bibliography. There is a brief and vague acknowledgements page, but there are almost no specific references to outside works in the entire book. As another Amazon reviewer who gave the book only two stars correctly observed: “I was hoping for a definitive, citable resource, with, for example, pages of footnotes, acknowledgements, and a lengthy bibliography, a book to help me understand the context in which the Bible was written. This is really the opposite, a glossy, handsome, easy to read book with a general overview of history during the time (including areas far outside of the Middle East, like China, which did not seem germane to my Bible study), coupled with the author’s view of how God had shaped that history. The book has a page and a half of photo credits, and a short list of suggested reading. I view it more as an inspirational book than a history book.”

Though the topical index begins on page 267, pictures, charts, sidebars, and blank spaces take up more than half of the book. 50 pages and more at the beginning consist of commentary on the opening chapters of Genesis. Including the opening commentary, there are only about 125 pages of text for a book on world history.

The commentary is good, but it seems out of balance with the overall brevity of other subjects. There are only thirty one pages covering the first century AD and nothing more recent than the Apostle John.

The book improves as it moves forward in time. That is, at it approaches the modern era.
I wish that there was some way of saying this kindly, but the number of glaring, serious errors seems to indicate that the manuscript was only edited for layout, appearance, spelling, and grammar. It seems to be exceptionally clean in the these areas. But the number of factual errors, which I am certain would be corrected by a careful content editor, are distressing. To keep this from being nothing more than a gratuitous assertion, here are just a few examples.

1) Commenting on the Antediluvian population, p. 24 states, “Leon Morris observes…the earth’s population would have grown to at least 120,000 in the first 800 years.” While exact numbers are impossible to know for certain, the numbers in the book are certainly erroneous. Jewish tradition states that Adam and Eve had 55 children themselves. “Relying on a letter from his friend, Rev Temple Chevallier, professor of mathematics at the University of Durham, [1830s Anglican minister Thomas] Gisborne argued that the number of people on the earth at the time of the Flood would have been in the tens of billions.” http://creation.com/british-scriptural-geologists-in-the-first-half-of-the-nineteenth-century-part-6

This might not seem important because Dr. Leston is supporting a large population (“at least 120,000 in the first 800 years”) compared to secularists who deny the very existence of the flood and creation. By itself, this would not be worth mentioning.

2) Post-flood technology is attributed to the antediluvian civilizations. page. 24 “ During this time, world witnessed the invention of the wheel, sailing ships, metallurgy, and oven-baked pottery. These inventions were developed in the area called Mesopotamia, the region where the first inhabitants of the earth lived.” As this statement stands, it denies the flood and promotes a uniformitarian point of view. Yet earlier, the author claims that this book opposes secularism. Genesis 4 records antediluvian civilizations developing metallurgy, musical instruments, agriculture and cities, but not the wheel, sailing ships, and oven-baked pottery.

What is important is the reliance on secular conclusions based on radiometric dating of artifacts. We certainly do not know if antediluvian civilizations had wheels, sailing ships, and oven-baked pottery or not. But Dr. Leston seems to rely on uniformitarian dating schemes to arrive at his conclusions. Without citing any references, it is impossible to know why Dr Leston states this. This error is repeated in the chart on page 41.

On page 32 he definitely uses secular reasoning. “In January 1996 National Geographic did a comparison between rodeo riders and their injuries, and skeletons uncovered from the time of Noah.” There are no skeletons from the time of Noah. The oldest skeletons in existence are many years younger than Noah. These are not antediluvian skeletons, because we do not have any antediluvian skeletons to examine.

The earth before the flood was a single continent. The geographic areas we have today very likely did not exist before the breakup of continents. Mesopotamia likely did not exist, nor could people have lived there, until after the breakup of the continents. http://www.amazon.com/Earths-Catastrophic-Past-Geology-Creation/dp/0932766943

3) The strict reading of the chronologies in Genesis give us 1656 years from Adam to the Flood. The LXX (Greek OT) gives us a longer timespan, but it almost universally rejected. If Dr. Leston chose to use the LXX chronology, he owes his readers an explanation as to why. The chart on page 40 has the date of the flood, with a series of question marks, well before 3200 BC. That is older than even the LXX date, yet there is nothing in the chart or text to provide justification for this date. The same chart repeats the error of the inventions of the wheel and pottery before the flood. Perhaps these were invented before the flood, but we have no evidence that Noah and his children knew about the wheel and pottery.

4) Abraham was born 292 years after Noah and his family left the ark. The standard date, using Archbishop Ussher and Isaac Newton’s chronologies, puts leaving the ark at approximately 2350 BC. This roughly fits with the 2166 date in the chart for the birth of Abraham, but it does not fit any of the given dates in the chart for the flood. 2166+292=2458 BC for the flood. What is the 3200 BC date on the chart for? It causes confusion and is not explained in the text.

5) On page 61 “Around 1792 BC, a king named Hammurabi inherited the throne of Babylon from his father.” In uniformitarian dating schemes, this is the commonly accepted “middle position.” Unbelievers are desperate to “prove” that the Law of Moses “evolved.” So the possibility that Hammurabi could be placed around 1200 BC, which is more likely the correct placement of hs law code, is discredited whenever possible, because that would make Hammurabi’s law code almost 250 years after God gave Moses the Law on Sinai. Here is a blog post I wrote about dating Hammurabi’s law code. https://elkjerkyforthesoul.wordpress.com/2012/10/17/the-problem-with-dates-in-history-hammurabais-law-code/ I would be very interested in investigating the sources for many of the claims about Hammurabi made in this book, but once again, there is no documentation.

6) Without detailing how Dr Leston follows secular Egyptian dating, because his lack of documentation makes it unclear what dating scheme he uses, here are the various Egyptian dating schemes. The last dating system in this article keys Egyptian events to events recorded in the Bible. http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/nab2/doesnt-egyptian-chronology-prove-bible-unreliable

7) Page 80 “The framework of this book assumes the earlier ‘high date.’” [for the Exodus] Then why is that date (approximately 1446 BC) not included in the text? The date of the Exodus is the key date for determining the entire dating scheme of the OT. This is particularly confusing because the time chart on page 92 clearly states 1446 BC as the date of the Exodus.

8) And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron…Genesis 4:22 (Antediluvian civilization) But Dr. Leston says on page 80 “The use of smelted and tempered iron became common among the Hittites during the period extending from 1900 to 1400 BC.” Dr. Leston uses the same incorrect arguments put forward by secularists. Bronze is a combination of copper and some other metal. Depending on what other metals are mixed with the copper, it can be harder than steel. It is lighter than iron and does not rust. It is not as abundant as iron and is more difficult to work with. The reasons for switching to iron from copper were economic.

I could list other examples, a few serious, most minor. But this review is not intended to be an attack piece. The many 5-star reviews show this is a much needed work, especially something readable. I just wish that is had been checked for content before it was published.

What I hope for is a second edition of this book with sources, footnotes, or endnotes, a thorough bibliography, and content editing. This might be too much ask, but I would very much like an appendix which explains why certain things were included while others were ignored, because this is very much a needed work.

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The Population Bomb

worldpop

Type “population explosion” into google. It returns over 27,000,000 hits and almost every one refers to future human population. The current world population is over 7 billion people. It was 1 billion just after 1800. But as we look back the census data becomes less certain. It is difficult to find an agreement about the census of 1 AD. Estimates vary from 2 to 6 hundred million for a worldwide population. Most population estimates either use 2 or 300,000,000.

From 1 AD to the present, human population has not grown at a consistent rate. The major change has not been a massive jump in the birth rate (worldwide, some local jumps have occurred), but an increase in lifespan. As medical treatments and living conditions have improved so has life expectancy. So we either look at all the data and have a somewhat erratic growth chart, or we average the data and make a smooth growth chart. When we average the data, there is enough evidence to make reasonable estimates of past growth rates as well as future projections.

The first observation is that human growth rates prior to 1800 AD were much lower than human population growth rates are today. The second and critical observation is that as we look back in history, the data is less reliable and more subject to misinterpretation. Back to 1 AD the following data comes from Vaughn’s Summaries, World Population Growth History. All dates are AD.

1810 1 billion
1800 900 million
1750 750 million
1650 600 million
1500 500 million
1000 400 million
500 300 million
1 200 million

As we move back, the data is unreliable. Most population sites do not post data beyond 1 AD. This site does. While the following population figures are unreliable, the trend is critical. From this point, all dates are BC.

1000 50 million
2000 27 million

27 million people is roughly the greater metropolitan New York City Area.

http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/history/world-population-growth.htm

Before we even look at data from the Bible, one fact jumps out. These growth rates do not support a human population that is one million years old. They do not support a human population that is 100,000 thousand years old. The population data is a much better fit with a very young human population. People who want to believe in a very old human population will claim that the rate of growth might have been lower in the past, that there might have catastrophes to reduce population, that environmental conditions might have caused human population to reach the earth’s carrying capacity and the population stabilized for thousands of years.

None of this speculation has any scientific basis. These and other arguments can be made by people who desperately want to believe that the human race has lived on earth for hundreds of thousands or millions of years in spite of the human population growth rate not supporting that belief.

These population growth statistics, however, fit very well with a 2350 BC beginning as Noah and his family left the Ark. Since there is no record of Noah producing any more children, we can calculate population growth from his three sons and their wives. Also, though there might have been deaths from accidents and murders, there were no deaths due to natural causes before the death of Peleg 340 years after the flood. For that 340 year period, population growth would not have followed normal population formulas.

exponent paragraph 1

Both Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein were told by their publishers that they would lose half of their audience for each formula included in their books. So here is the conclusion. You do not have to look at the formula if you do not want to. For an average overall population growth rate of slightly less than half of one percent per year (.0049) starting just after the death of Peleg in 2010 BC would result in a world population of 232,725, 878 in one AD. This is very much in line with the estimates for world population in 1 AD. Right around the time of Peleg people lived longer and had much larger families, accounting for a more rapid growth rate before 1 AD.

Then the average overall population growth rate drops down to less than one tenth of one percent (.0009) from 1 AD to 1800 AD. The average overall population growth rate then jumps from 1800 to the present. One factor accounting for the decline in world population during this period is the Black Death, carried everywhere by European traders.

This means that the population growth of the human race from three sets of parents in 2350 BC is very much in line with existing population growth rates using standard population formulas. The population growth rate is much higher today than it was before 1 AD.

Uniformitarianism needs a completely flat, no growth rate in order to have any human population before 20,000 BC. According to Occam’s razor, the simplest solution is usually the correct solution. No growth rate for hundreds of thousands of years is not a simple solution.

stand pop form

Since you cannot have a part of a person, there is rounding of final numbers. All calculations are estimates, with no attempt to represent these calculations as actual demographic information. It is, however, to be a reasonable estimate.

Image from “Population Growth Over Human History”, http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange2/current/lectures/human_pop/human_pop.html

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