Tag Archives: Biblical authority

How God Preserved His Word For Us: Job — post by Michael J. Findley

william blake job
Some very godly men might disagree in a few points of this traditional view. Martin Luther certainly did on the book of James. But if someone has more than a few disagreements and they might not be firmly grounded in the faith. Perhaps they might not be believers at all.
As a complete book, Job is the oldest written book in the Bible. It could be the oldest book in the world. It was written around the time of the Patriarchs, Abraham to Joseph. That makes it an Ice Age book. The speeches were likely written before they were delivered. Then these speeches were compiled into a book later. Perhaps others wrote the speeches down as they spoke, but cuneiform writing using wedges into clay tablets would require several people transcribing at the same time. However it was done, someone recorded their speeches and the speeches of God. God also directly revealed the scenes in heaven.
While it certainly is possible that the events in the book of Job took place before the flood, and the book was preserved by Noah and his family, there is no evidence to support this theory. Almost no Jewish sources support this. Job had 7 sons and 3 daughters before the events recorded began. He had 7 more sons and 3 more daughters and lived another 140 years after the events recorded in the book of Job. It is reasonable, based on how long he lived, to believe that Job was older than Abraham.
The book includes hundreds of descriptions of everyday life, and the details could fit with any preindustrial society anywhere on earth. Civilization has not developed or progressed the way Secular Humanists teach. The major technological changes in the past 200 years have not improved the quality of family life. The creatures God describes to Job, generally translated as leviathan and behemoth, fit what we know about dinosaurs. Dinosaurs could be what we know as dragons.
How did the Jews include Job in their sacred writings? The book of Job was written before the Jews were a nation. None of possible answers can be verified. But everyone agrees that Moses had the book of Job and included it with the writings he left the Children of Israel.

Image Credit: Behemoth and Leviathan by William Blake

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Dating the Ice Age Part Two: From the End of the Ice Age to the Destruction of Jerusalem by Babylon

The destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70AD -- a painting by David Roberts (1796-1849).

         The destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70AD — a painting by David Roberts (1796-1849).

For the Conflict of the Ages series, ancient history is the end of the Ice Age to the destruction of Jerusalem and the first temple by Babylon. The better preserved documents of Greece, Rome, China and India are Classic History for the Conflict of the Ages series. Ancient history is pieced together from millions of fragments. Classical History is based on better preserved, more complete documents.

The Conflict of the Ages Series relies on the timeline found in Hebrew History. The Scriptures are the most accurate, though they do not provide all the information necessary for complete history. For example, they do not reference any historical events in the Americas, India, China, or Sub-Sahara Africa. Other Jewish documents, such as the works of Josephus, are less reliable than the Scriptures, but still more accurate than most non-Hebrew sources. Next are the millions of other written documents. These are still more acceptable than the interpretations of artifacts.

We can construct an approximate timeline back to Moses. We begin with the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC. By working through the difficult numbering of the Hebrew kings, the Solomon began construction on his temple in 966 BC. So 480 years earlier Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt. That was 1446 BC. Calendar conversions make all dates approximate, though close.

How long were the children of Israel in Egypt?

Acts 7:6 And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land, and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years.

Genesis 15:13-16 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. And thous shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

1 Chronicles 6:1-3 The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. And the sons of Kohath, Amram, Izha, and Hebron, and Uzziel. And the children of Amram; Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam.

[Levi begat Kohath. Kohath begat Amram. Amram begat Moses. Levi, Kohath, Amram, Moses ]

Galatians 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

Exodus 12:40, 41 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt [LXX and in Chanaan], was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

Josephus Antiquities of the Jews 2:15:2.2 They left Egypt in the month Xanthicus, on the fifteenth day of the lunar month, four hundred and thirty years after our forefather Abraham came in Canaan, but two hundred and fifteen years only after Jacob removed into Egypt.

There is a detailed chart explaining these dates. It compares the age of Abraham, the events in the life of

Abraham. https://answersingenesis.org/bible-questions/how-long-were-the-israelites-in-egypt/

The date of the exodus is the key date. The covenant began when Abraham entered Canaan. Abraham was seventy-five years old. We accept the LXX reading of Egypt and Canaan as the land of their sojourning. That is also the traditional Jewish position. That was 430 years from the exodus.

Next is “evil treatment” of four hundred years. This begins thirty years after Abraham entered Canaan. Abraham is 105 years old. Isaac is 5 years old. Sarah is 95 years old. Ishmael is 19 years old. This the mocking of Ishmael and the expulsion of Hagar and Sarah. This is four hundred years from the Exodus.

While the 215 year number of Josephus for the year Jacob (Israel) entered Egypt is not inspired, it fits the chronology. With long longer lifespans, and Moses 80 years old when Israel left at the exodus, the four generations in Egypt also fits.

So using 1446 BC as the date of the exodus, Abraham entered Canaan in 1876 BC when he was 75. So Abraham was born in 1951 BC. Abraham was born 292 years after the end of the flood. This makes the flood 2243 BC of our calendar. It has the creation of the world in 3899 BC

Compared to secular humanist history, these dates are very close to Ussher’s dates. Ussher has the flood ending in 2348 BC, Abraham entering Canaan at 75 years old in 1921 BC, the Exodus at 1491 BC, the foundation of Solomon’s temple laid in 1012 BC, the destruction of the temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 588 BC.

The Jewish calendar using AM (the year of the world) dates from creation. The destruction of the temple by the Babylonians is 3338 AM. (Sedar Olam).

Our calendar has only 3313 years from creation to the destruction of the first temple, for a difference of 25 years with the traditional Jewish calendar.

Compared to secular dating schemes, these differences with Ussher and the Jewish calendar are insignificant.

2243 BC The end of the Flood
1876 BC Abraham enters Canaan
1661 BC Jacob (Israel moves to Egypt)
1446 BC the Exodus
966 BC The foundation of the temple laid
586 BC Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylonian armies destroy
Jerusalem and the first temple

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Dating the Ice Age Part One: From The End of the Flood to the End of the Ice Age — post by Michael J.Findley

Dating the Ice Age

Part One:

From The End of the Flood to the End of the Ice Age

ice age cave 50

The oldest human remains and artifacts are from the Ice Age. All older human artifacts were destroyed by the flood. These artifacts allow modern observers to use some other tools and other forms of evidence to understand this time period. It begins with  Noah and his family leaving the ark at the end of the flood and continues until Jacob brings his family to live in Egypt. The entire Ice Age was less than seven hundred years.

The universal flood of Noah is recorded not only in the Bible, but in hundreds of other sources such as the Epic of Gilgamesh. The worldwide catastrophe of the Flood as well as a series of catastrophes after the Flood make all 14C dates before the Roman Empire too old. 14C dates are very close to actual dates for artifacts from the present back to the Roman Republic. As we go backward in time, the radiocarbon dates become increasingly less accurate. There are other factors which can alter the accuracy of 14C dates, even recent dates, usually making the date too old, certainly making them inaccurate.

If we take its severe limitations into account, 14C dating is a useful tool for relative dating. Unlike other forms of radiometric dating, we can know the original condition of the 14C sample being tested. Relative dating is built on the assumption that conditions were similar throughout the earth at the same time. Therefore, an artifact which 14C dates to be older in one part of the earth (Akkad for example) than an artifact from another part of the earth (Japan for example) will have an actual date which is older. The geography will not matter, because of the assumption that conditions were roughly the same all over the earth at the same time. There are significant exceptions, but it still allows for 14C to be a useful tool for relative dating. It is important to understand that relative dating (for example; sample b is older than samples d and a, but younger than sample c) is neither actual dating nor is it absolute dating. But it can be a useful tool.

carbon 14Secular 14C dates are always based on the assumption that the rate of 14C formation was always constant in the past. That is the red line on the chart. The change in 14C formation does not change the decay rate. An accurate understanding of the original amount of 14C in the sample being tested will result in an accurate date.

The Ice Age began after Noah and his family left the ark. It lasted approximately 700 years, based on Michael Oard’s examination of the evidence. Noah left the ark approximately 2350 BC according to Ussher’s chronology. If Ussher’s chronology is incorrect, it is likely to be too old. The Ice Age ended approximately 1700 BC. Joseph was vizier of Egypt during the seven years of plenty followed by seven years of famine, which ended the Ice Age.

About a century after the Flood, Nimrod formed a government to rebel against God. Since no one had died a natural death at this time, there was another population bloom, a period of explosive growth. By the time the tower of Babel was built, at least a hundred thousand people were on earth. It is possible that there were over a million people at that time. The population bubble continued until approximately the time of Abraham, three hundred years after the flood. At this time both warfare and natural death reduced overall population growth.

Noah lived 58 years after the birth of Abraham. His son Shem, who survived the Flood, died fifty years after the birth of Jacob (Israel).
Noah lived 952 years.
Shem lived 600 years.
Arphaxad lived 438 years.
Salah lived 433 years.
Eber lived 468 years.
Peleg lived 239 years.
Reu lived 239 years.
Serug lived 230 years.
Nahor lived 149 years.
Terah lived 205 years.
Abraham lived 175 years.
Isaac lived 180 years.
Jacob lived 147 years.
Joseph lived 110 years.
We do not have the lifespans in Egypt until Moses.
Moses lived 120 years.

new timeline two sided

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Much Learning Hath Made Thee Mad! — Guest Post by Marilynn Dawson

Book tunnel

This morning wondering what I would delve into next for personal devotional time, the thought occurred to me that people, perhaps now more than any other time in history, are questioning the validity of God’s Word.  Christians swayed by scientific arguments falsely so-called, (1 Timothy 6:20)  O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called are now questioning the Biblical account of Genesis in Chapters 1 and 2. The first argument being that of the word “day”, which is used in other parts of Scripture to mean a literal day, as well as a figurative day.

Proponents of this argument conveniently leave out God’s definition of a day as given in this passage, “And the evening and the morning were the first or second or third (etcetera), day”.  If God had not stipulated what made up a typical day, then these arguments might stand a chance of holding water.  But God did stipulate the nature of these days as being the very same definition given to the Jewish people.  The argument regarding the verse in 2 Peter 3:8  “But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day” totally takes this verse out of context in order to make their point for theistic evolution.  When taken in context, Peter is telling his readers that there will be scoffers who deride the Lord’s people, demanding to know when He will return, because He appears to be taking so long.  Peter is trying to state that God lives outside of time and that what seems short to us, may have been long to God, or what is long for us may have been short for God.  This in no way can be used as a counter-argument for God’s definition of “day” spelled out for us in the Genesis account.  “The evening and the morning” is a clear indication of the time frame God stepped into for the sake of creation.

Still others argue that the second chapter takes things out of context.  This is an argument that doesn’t wash either.  How many times do you sit and listen to someone speak, who spells out three points and then goes back to flesh out one of them?  This is what God is doing in the narration of the creation account.  God spells out what took place in chapter one, then He takes the point of creation of man and fleshes it out in more detail.  No discrepancy here at all.

Interestingly, proponents of these arguments for the Creation account then come back with the infallibility and inerrancy of Scripture, calling that into question as well.  I actually saw a person outright deny the God-ordained dictation of the Scriptures, which completely goes against Hebrews 1:1  where it says “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,” and Peter where he said in 2 Peter 1:19-21  “We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:  20  Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.  21  For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” 

Now the argument here is that we are using Scripture to speak for itself.  To that I give a 100% affirmative YES!  To do otherwise is to challenge what God has handed down to us, to challenge His ability to keep a straight record of all He wants us to do, learn and grow through, and challenges His claim that this is a living, breathing book (Hebrews 4:12)  For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Either what God has shared with mankind is true, or both Christianity and Judaism are full-on lies no different than any other religion out there.  Speaking of lies, how would we even know what a lie was if someone greater than ourselves had not given us the concept of right and wrong and taught us the truth from a lie.  This level of teaching occurred via the Torah, otherwise known to Christians as the first five books of the Old Testament.

Reasons for disbelief in what God has said about His own Word has come about because of apparent scientific discovery, archeological discrepency and the occasional bout of historical silence.  Scholars have chosen to let these be their judge of whether God’s Word is true or not, whether it can be trusted or not, and whether it was given by divine appointment or not.  In other words, scholars have placed human knowledge above God and have begun forcing God to bow to their expectations, or God isn’t God anymore.  The fact that many of these scholars are supposedly naming themselves as Christians should give the true Child of God both pause for reflection as well as shock and dismay that human knowledge has set itself up as god over God!

Romans has a few harsh observations about this very situation:  (Romans 1:18-22)  For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;  19  Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.  20  For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:  21  Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.  22  Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

Did that passage sound familiar?  Once a person can be led to believe that the Bible is not the infallible, inerrant Word of God dictated to man as God saw fit via the Holy Spirit, all manner of other doubts can be brought into play with much human reasoning to supposedly back them up.  Remember what the serpent said to Eve in the Garden?  (Genesis 3:1)  Now the serpent was more subtile than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

“Yea, has God said. . . ?”  Did He really say that?  First we’ve had an undermining of the Genesis account.  Through that we’ve had an undermining of the understanding of the authority of Scripture.  From there it’s been an easy and simple step into questioning God’s stance on sin in the New Covenant, such as:

(Galatians 5:19-21)  Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,  20  Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,  21  Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

(1 Corinthians 6:9-20)  Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,  10  Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.  11  And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.  12  All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any.  13  Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.  14  And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power.  15  Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid.  16  What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh.  17  But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.  18  Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.  19  What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?  20  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.

Look these passages up in your favourite translation.  Passages such as these are now called into question quite severely by those who would choose to justify their preferred lifestyle and still somehow claim to be in relationship with Christ.  These are only examples from the New Testament, because more and more Christians are tossing out the Old Testament and claiming to be New Testament, or New Covenant believers.  They don’t want to believe that even in the New Testament, those who choose not to live as God commands will still end up in hell.  Their view of God’s love has been skewed from one of a caring Father making righteous judgements on behalf of those He loves, to nothing more than a sugar-daddy in the sky raining down blessings no matter how naughty His children might be.  I’m sorry, but that’s not how my Bible reads, and if you spend more time in the Word, you’ll discover your Bible doesn’t teach that either.

Using Scripture to support Scripture is using God’s Words to support God’s Words.  This takes no less faith than those who believe unswervingly in the theory of Evolution.  The theory of evolution has more holes in it than Scripture ever will, but because mankind in the modern age has made science the god of the land, somehow evolution is more believable than trusting that God meant what He said and said what He meant in the Scriptures.

Christ said we are to come to Him with the faith of a child.  (Mark 10:14-15)  But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.  15  Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.

Hence the title of this piece!  Much learning has made thee mad!  A child’s faith is very simple, very trusting, and has no reason to believe otherwise.  A child sees that a parent always has dinner on the table at a certain time and therefore believes that dinner will always be there and has implicit trust that the parent will always have dinner ready.  The child doesn’t begin to question the parent’s ability to have dinner on the table till they get older and begin to realize how hard it is for the parent to make that provision.  The child begins to lose their child-like trust and begins to doubt the parent, sometimes no longer believing the parent will follow through, even though the parent always has.

Today’s highly-educated scholars need to lay down their gods of knowledge and research, and come to Christ all over again, as little children, pushing aside the satanic seeds of doubt that raise human knowledge above God, and humble themselves before Him once more.  There is no room in the Kingdom of God for puffed up elevated levels of pride in human knowledge and accomplishments.  God will not bow to human reasoning.  God Himself says:

(Isaiah 55:7-11)  Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.  8  For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.  9  For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.  10  For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:  11  So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts. . . and let him return to the Lord to find mercy and pardon. . . Hmmmm. . .

Marilynn can be contacted via her author page on Facebook at:https://www.facebook.com/Marilynn.Dawson.Author or by email: author@fa-ct.com

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I haven’t seen “Heaven Is for Real”, but others have … Post by Mary C. Findley


A friend shared an article about the book and movie “Heaven Is for Real”. You can read it here: http://www.christiantoday.com/article/heaven.is.for.real.critics.are.pharisees.says.todd.burpo/37192.htm

The father says, essentially, that no one can or should question his son’s experience. This is an old story I have heard time and time again. Our pastor’s wife was leading a Bible study I attended. Someone shared an experience where she believed Jesus touched her on the shoulder while she was in the shower. The pastor’s wife wisely said, “We all have our experiences, but they are not as important as reading, believing, and obeying the Word of God.”

A pastor friend said he has read the book Heaven Is for Real and had these comments. Pastor George McVey has a blog and books on spiritual warfare as well as historical and speculative fiction. http://askpastorgeorge.wordpress.com/

 “I have read the book and I have read scripture. I don’t discount the boy’s account. What I have a problem with is how the father has turned this into the cornerstone of a ministry that seems to be making him money hand over fist.

“The concerns people have are these:

“1. The boy never actually died. Does that mean he didn’t go to heaven or have a vision of heaven? No.

“2. There are a few things the boy says that seems to go against the Biblical account of heaven. For instance, both the boy’s miscarried sister and great grandfather had wings. No where does scripture say we will have wings.

“3. the father says we ‘have to take this account as real’ because his four year old son was ‘too innocent to lie about it’. I’ve raised three children and 4-year-old kids make up stuff all the time.

“Those are the biggest concerns. My own is, of course, how this has become the book people reference when talking about heaven now, not scripture.

 Now on the other side I can understand the father’s attitude to him he see’s these people as attacking his son’s integrity. And we all know how parents get when their children are called liars.

“That and the fact that if it was a vision or a real trip, why isn’t this pastor pushing the fact that entry into heaven comes through relationship with the one whose lap his son sat on in heaven, instead of focusing on all the beautiful benefits of heaven? This would have been a great tool for preaching salvation. Instead they use it to say, not, ‘Hey, Jesus is real’ or not ‘Salvation is real’ but ‘Heaven is real’.

Here is a blog that takes a much more critical view but still expresses necessary truth about people who think Hollywood respects Christianity.


My favorite line is this one: “Towards the end of the movie, just before preaching, Pastor Burpo uses a piece of paper with notes about his son’s visions to cover up the pages of the Bible. That scene moved me. I laughed at its apparent self-awareness that Todd has determined not preach the Bible anymore.”

Another friend recommended a book called The Beautiful Side of Evil by Johanna Michaelsen. It seems to be out of print, but is the autobiography of a former spiritist healer who learned the truth about the verse that says Satan can appear as an angel of light. He can, and does, heal people. He can, and does, give visions. He will, and wants to, distract us from the true God and the true source of goodness.

We need to be Bereans. Keep studying and examining issues according to the Scriptures.  Do not be afraid that others are going to call us Pharisees, as Burpo does in the article he wrote. Keep questioning advice that puts the Scriptures in a secondary position. Scriptures go at the top. Always!


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Eyewitness Testimony: The Foundation and Basis of Reality

Picture of Crime Scene Do Not Enter - Free Pictures - FreeFoto.com

According to Wikipedia “Eyewitness testimony is the account a bystander gives in the courtroom, describing what they perceived happened during the specific incident under investigation. Ideally this recollection of events is detailed, however this is not always the case. This recollection is used as evidence to show what happened from a witness’ point of view. Memory recall has been considered a credible source in the past, but has recently come under attack as forensics can now support psychologists in their claim that memories and individual perceptions are unreliable; being easily manipulated, altered, and biased.”
“The reliability of eyewitness testimony has been questioned by psychologists since the beginning of the 20th century.

This is an accurate description of what Psychology teaches about eyewitness testimony. It is also an accurate description of the attitude of eyewitness testimony in basic law enforcement/military training. This Wikipedia article defining eyewitness testimony is a version of “Newspeak.” They seem to be devotees to Ingsoc (George Orwell, 1984). This blog, on the other hand, is written in “Oldspeak” by a Prole from Oceania.

The Free Online Dictionary defines eyewitness as, “A person who has seen someone or something and can bear witness to the fact.” Nothing about “individual perceptions are unreliable; being easily-manipulated, altered, and biased.”

Why? Because an unreliable, easily-manipulated and biased eyewitness can be rejected, or at least discounted, and replaced by a properly indoctrinated professional. The important part of the definition of eyewitness is someone who has “seen someone or something and can bear witness to the fact.”

Just like there are good and bad cooks, drivers, artists, or anything else, there are good and bad eyewitnesses. Yes, individual perceptions can be unreliable, easily manipulated, altered and biased.” That is known as a poor witness. There are also good witnesses, which is totally ignored in the Wikipedia generalization.

Crime Scene Investigators (CSI) are good eyewitnesses in court. So are police officers, military personal, most professional civilians and many untrained people who have enough time to examine the evidence thoroughly and properly record what they witnessed.

The reason this seems odd to us is that we are indoctrinated (Newspeak) to only recognize bad eyewitness testimony as legitimate eyewitness testimony. The reason for this indoctrination is the thesis at the conclusion of this blog.

A bad eyewitness is someone who viewed an event under stress, usually for under 30 seconds, in a very confused situation such as the commission of a crime, often with poor lighting and many distractions. Often these eyewitnesses are pressured to testify against their wills. All of the points in the Wikipedia definition at the beginning of this blog apply to these witnesses.

A good eyewitness has enough time to examine the evidence, enough training to understand what he is witnessing, and is someone who makes a proper record of the event. A police officer filing an accident report is a good eyewitness. A CSI has time pressure, but takes the time to examine the evidence thoroughly. The police officer is an eyewitness to the accident scene, not the actual accident. However, the evidence such as skid marks, position of the vehicles and examination of eyewitnesses of the actual accident make the officer’s report the most reliable eyewitness report available. While some might object, when a report includes the examination of physical evidence, that is an eyewitness report. It is an eyewitness of the evidence the trained witness examined, not of the accident itself. However, the good eyewitness report of the scene and the evidence by a trained professional is more valuable than a bad eyewitness of the actual accident.

The same is true of a trained professional CSI testifying in court. The eyewitness of the crime being committed is often a very poor eyewitness. The CSI investigates the evidence at the scene and files a report, which he testifies to as an eyewitness. The CSI is not an eyewitness of the commission of the crime. The CSI is an eyewitness of the crime scene and the evidence after the fact. But the good eyewitness testimony of the CSI is usually more valuable than the poor eyewitness testimony of the commission of the crime.

While this is contrary to Ingsoc training, it is intuitive. This concept of eyewitness testimony applies to every aspect of life. A scientist performs an experiment. During the experiment he performs tests, records the reading of instruments and records the results, including his observations. At some point this information is made available to others, perhaps as a published article. At this point, the scientist becomes an eyewitness. The people listening to his testimony or reading his report(s) did not perform the tests. They are relying on the author to be a good eyewitness. Good includes honest, accurate, thorough, knowledgeable, complete, and understanding what is significant.
When scientists are confronted with the reality that scientific publishing is entirely based on eyewitness testimony, there is usually an angry denial. These angry denials demonstrate how complete and thorough Ingsoc indoctrination is with these people. This eyewitness testimony in no way denies the proper use of the scientific method, tools, techniques, or conclusions. It simply points out that the method of transmitting information accurately is called eyewitness testimony.

Few people have thought through the reason for rejecting all eyewitness testimony as bad, or at least very weak. The real reason is religious. The Bible must be rejected at all costs and its authority is founded on eyewitness testimony.

Keep in mind today that I am not speaking to your children, who neither were aware of nor did they witness the discipline of the LORD your God, that is, his great and far-reaching power. Deuteronomy 11:2

“Take the book of this Law and set it beside the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD your God. Let it remain there with you as witness against you.” Deuteronomy 31:26

Go now, and write it down on a tablet in their presence, inscribing it in a book, so that for times to come it may be an everlasting witness. Isaiah 30:8

Truly, I tell you with certainty, we know what we’re talking about, and we testify about what we’ve seen. Yet you people do not accept our testimony. John 3:11

So the crowd that had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to testify to what they had seen. John 12:17

Paul said The God of our ancestors has chosen you to know his will, to see the Righteous One, and to hear his own voice, because you will be his witness to all people of what you have seen and heard. Acts 22:14, 15 ISV

But get up and stand on your feet, for I have appeared to you for the very purpose of appointing you to be my servant and witness of what you have seen and of what I will show you. Acts 26:16 ISV

Therefore, as a fellow elder, a witness of the Messiah’s sufferings, and one who shares in the glory to be revealed, I appeal to the elders among you: 1 Peter 5:1

What we have heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what we observed and touched with our own hands—this is the Word of life! 1 John 1:1

If reliable eyewitness testimony is not valid, then the Bible is not true. This is real reason for the “Newspeak” revision of eyewitness testimony.

That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; I John 1:9 KJV

All scriptures from ISV unless otherwise noted.

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How Did We Get The Old Testament?


While there are numerous detailed answers, this is a brief, simple overview.
1) Moses wrote of what he learned as an Egyptian.
And when he was cast out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son. And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds. Acts 7:21,22
Like every other book in the Word of God, God used the background, education and culture of the author.
2) Moses wrote what God revealed to Him on Mount Sinai.
And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord. Exodus 24:4
God gave part of the Law to Moses directly and Moses wrote down these parts word for word as God dictated them to Moses.
3) Samuel edited the Law. Samuel, the last of the Judges and the first of the prophets founded the sons of the prophets who kept records during the kingdom period.
Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the Lord. 1 Samuel 10:25
4) King Manasseh destroyed every copy of the Law he could find. It was restored by King Josiah.
And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the Lord.And Shaphan the scribe shewed the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king. 2 Kings 22:8-10
4) Ezra the Scribe, after the Children of Israel returned from captivity under the Persians, collected the material and edited everything into what we have today.
For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the Lord, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments. Ezra 7:10
And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that was before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the Lord had commanded to Israel. And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month. And he read therein before the street that was before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the law. And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, and Meshullam. And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up: Nehemiah 8:1-5
Books were not readily available. To have a book to read from meant that Ezra had to first make (assemble) the parts of the book together.

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